Types of Arabians
I hear people talk about Polish arabians, Egyptian arabians, and even Spanish arabians. What the heck is the difference? What are the characteristics of each?
Several countries have or had state stud farms, or even royal, where they bred Arabians. Poland, Russia, England, Germany, the US, Hungary and so on. They imported the first horses and bred to their taste and standards. Russian and Polish horses were selected through racing, Spanish Arabians often resemble Andalusian horses, high upright, arched massive necks, high knee action, England/Crabbet Arabians are of a specific type.
This way, certain traits are present in certain bloodlines.
Once you start researching a little, you'll get to know the names of the foundation horses and can tell what lines are present in any given horse:-)
I'm not an expert, just someone who finds this subject very interesting and has dabbled a bit in researching it, though my knowledge is really nothing compared to a lot of the people on here (who will hopefully pop in here and set me straight if I make a mistake, haha). The difference is pretty much where they were bred. Polish arabians, for instance, come from lines that were from Poland- It's just a matter of where the lines originate from. Crabbets come from English lines, and the Spanish come from Spain.
There are some differences in their physical appearances/ temperaments, since they were bred in different countries, but they're all still the same breed and follow the same basic 'arabian' type. People have differing opinions on which lines are best, although it seems that certain ones are more prevalent in certain disciplines... I've always found this subject fascinating, because although they are all arabians, there are some unique differences between the strains.
The Spanish arabian was kept for the military and are known for having fantastic temperaments, very trainable, etc.- I remember talking to my arabian's breeder, and her saying that the Spanish arabians have fantastic feet, too- while the Russian and Polish arabians had to prove themselves on the track before they were allowed to breed, making them very athletic. Egyptian arabians seem to run on the smaller/lighter side, and be a bit more typey. The lines from the US are named after the individual breeder, instead of being called "American Arabians" though.
Here's a link to a quick little guide from the AHA website, if you're interested:
Welcome to Arabian Horses.org - Education
I don't think there is a lot of difference. I have a Polish Arabian, myself, and I find she has slightly stockier conformation than your typical Arabian. I've heard that Polish Arabs are more like that than other types of Arabs, but have nothing to actually back that up... But my mare, Destiny, sometimes reminds me of a Quarter Horse in some ways. Not to an extreme, but definately more so than some other Arabians I have seen.:P
I know nothing about other types though.
Then, within a geographical type, like Remali mentioned, you have certain traits connected to color, like the grey Crabbets being small, compact, and very pretty faced, the chestnuts with lots of chrome, very powerful movers, the Polish greys tend to be a bit more refined than the bays, then a modern times and the possibility to move horses to different continents, and big breeders favouring a stallion, creating yet another type....Bask, Khemosabi come to mind. Or line- and inbreeding to a stallion, Nazeer being one( 15-20 lines to Nazeer was not rare), creating ultra typey, but small and dainty horses, like Ansata bred ones.
Then the "Golden Cross", like spanish-egyptian, the great El Shaklan being a prime example and a very prepotent sire.
It is a very interesting subject, a lot of history behind it.
Good examples deserthorsewoman. It's interesting to research and read up on it all. I'll never forget the first time I saw a herd of Babson Egyptians, we were walking out in the pasture among them, and while all Arabians are sweet and gentle, these horses had such calm dispositions, I was just floored, even the stallions were as quiet and calm as kittens.
I wish I still had my old issues of the Arabian horse magazines (I remember when one of them started out as a newspaper!), I think I started getting them back in 1970, they had such fabulous articles in there about historic Arabians and bloodlines, the articles by Gladys Brown Edwards were especially good reading. I've been sort of a pedigree hound ever since.
I agree... it's a very interesting subject, and my favorite subject!
Like you mentioned deserthorsewoman, the Golden Cross, talk about some typey horses! The Spanish horses, for me anyway, always were so exceptionally beautiful.
I also had tons of Arabian magazines, but they all got lost during our many moves. I do still have about 15 CD's of pics....if I only could get hubby to set up this computer.....should have never talked him into a smartphone........
What I like about the breed is that even with our different types you can still see they are all arabians.
Those babson bred horses are truly very calm. I have a mare and a coming 2 yo that are babson bred and would be 100% if not for the mare Turfa in their pedigrees. they are not tall horses but are very calm and easy to handle. Shalom
Sorry to get off topic here and ask my own question, but what type of Arab was Khemosabi?
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