How To Find Statistics On Coggins In My Area?
I was reading through some old threads and have learned a new word to fear: coggins. I don't know much about it, but understand that a coggins-positive horse is essentially a doomed horse, either health-wise or social-wise.
I tried Google searching statistics about known cases in my state (Colorado), but came up empty. Are there any websites that give any sort of data about cases of coggins in the US? I understand there aren't many cases overall, but sometimes I just like to see some stats.
Try searching "incidence of EIA". Coggins is the test-Equine Infectious Anemia is the disease it tests for, therefore the disease you are looking for the incidence of.
One of my vets hates pulling Coggins because he thinks it a huge waste of $$. The last case I am aware of was in the late '80's and it was a horse traveling from Florida that needed it Coggins repulled after an extended layover on it's way to CA. The risks are greatest in the southern states. Your horse is at a greater risk of being hit by a car than contracting EIA.
Call the state Vet in Lakewood.
It would probably be broadcast. EIA is a serious threat and is not taken lightly. Odds are, if a horse near you has tested positive, MANY people will know about it.
Here's some info though:
EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA: The Only Protection is Prevention - AAEP
ETA: Coggins gives a false sense of security, which is why I always wonder why it's used as the primary and sole documentation for a horse. The Coggins test only gives you a pos/neg result *at the time of the test*. As soon as the blood is drawn, the horse has chance to be infected and give a negative result though really be positive. It's SUPER rare though.
EIA is a serious issue.
I'm originally from the OH/PA border; when my good friend up there e-mailed me she was at the auction the day this horse went thru, my eyeballs about popped out of my head.
You have to sign in to read the entire article (it's free) but you get the idea, if you don't sign in.
The Horse | EIA-Positive Horse Auctioned Off in Two States | TheHorse.com
This was 2005 and granted 8 years ago but my point is, EIA is still out there.
Doesn't mean I like paying for Coggins tests and I'm still not clear why there hasn't been a vaccine developed for EIA since Coggins tests have been a requirment for traveling horses since the early 1970's.
Checking the CDC website for your area will at least tell you the statistics for 2012. If you're concerned beyond that, call your vet:-)
EIA has no vaccine. Therefore the only way to eliminate it is to eliminate positive animals. If the first test reads positive, the vet will retest to be certain it wasn't lab error. If even one horse is your area tests positive, rest assured you will hear about it. The news will spread like wild fire.
Thanks franknbeans, that explains why I was having trouble finding results that told me anything. I guess I was too tired after volunteering to read properly. :-P
From what I understand, there is technically a vaccine called Chinese Live Attenuated EIA vaccine, but it seems it's only available in China. According to an article I was reading, 63 million horses in China have been vaccinated. Most other articles were from the late 1990s so I didn't read them much. I also came across an article about a horse named Nora who was supposedly naturally immune to EIA. I couldn't find articles newer than 2010, but the state was trying to have her destroyed because she lived in an EIA facility.
I found that there was a reported outbreak in western Canada in August of last year. Not sure what happened exactly though.
I figured it wasn't much of a big deal as far as general exposure, but it's scary to think about dealing with. I think when I start looking for a horse, I will call the state vet in Lakewood (Colorado). I'm going to be one of those ultra-paranoid helicopter owners (constantly hovering).
I had my doubts about the coggins testing, BUT it does seem to be working. In 1972 when widespread testing startd 4 percent were positive, in 2005 it is now less than .01 percent.
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