Here when a pasture gets thoroughly trashed because of owners not moving livestock fast enough..
Shallow disc the fields and most do liquid seed/fertilize combination done.
Right now some fields are being fertilized "naturally"...putting down well fermented/composted feces of cattle and not sure what else cause it stinks, absolutely stinks.
Pitch black where the spreaders drop the yuck but 10 days later the fields look healthy, deep green in growth occurring but the stench is awful, just awful for a few weeks.
Did I mention it smells bad...
Our grass is extremely fast in reestablishing, but most don't put any animals or anything on that field for about 6 weeks minimum.
I don't see the adult cattle running like horses do, and they follow the leader often just a walk path from field to field seen.
With horses and the churning up they do...to get a strong root base, dependable grass growth and the ground to recover...probably near 3 months of off.
Sure you can
put them on it before but being grass is yet sparse and inviting of weeds to move in and take over.
Over grazing any pasture does this and it does take weeks for recovery and stilted recovery if you not fertilize to help it heal.
Once destroying the ground and roots system the horse farms here have the ground lightly tilled, seeded, fertilized, mowed twice before returning horses carefully to that now new pasture content.
Grass really needs to be established in roots to withstand horses, think more established for horses than cattle.
Our soil is a very sandy base and that may make a difference...top soil where I grew up was rich, dark colored, heavy dirt in your hand. Here in Florida what they call and consider topsoil I call sand, nearly white sand of the Atlantic Ocean it looks like to me ...big difference.