I add the following quote to the fray, a quote which I'm certain some will feel compelled to disagree with.
The quote is from Lucy Rees's The Horse's Mind, page 167.
Begin Quote: ..., the deliberate use of aversion as a teaching method is unnecessary and seems an expression of the worst traits of human nature. There is little that is desireable in a horse that is frightened into dull obedience. End Quote.
There is a spectrum, Hondo, when it comes to training horses, and neither end of that spectrum is ideal
One one end, you have harsh methods used, without any empathy, fairness, softness, and yes you create a fearful horse, one who works out of fear, versus trust
On the other end of that spectrum, you have a horse never taught boundaries, one spoiled, one who constantly tests humans, intimidates them, learns he can act aggressive towards them., all the while that human who never has shown the horse acceptable boundaries, tries to gain the horses 'love' with food
I think I posted on the topic of using 'balance', when training horses before.
When one reads posts on this forum, the majority of posts, where people ask for help with ahrose, is due to the last end of that spectrum-horses refusing to go forward, horses charging people, horses biting, horses walking into people, horses pulling away when led.
Yes, those horses need some aversion training, making the right thing easy and the wrong thing hard.
It is also a fable that any aggressive horse has been abused,is acting out of perceived fear when that horse becomes the aggressor. Very often, it is the horse just being ahorse, taking up that leadership, higher 'herd' position, because their human failed to be a clear leader
"if you don't lead, the horse will'.
"We' the enlightened horse people, also use logic, unlike seen in a herd of hroses, where that dominant horse doe snot recognize the lower down horses can't in a particular situation, yield to him
Ever see a submissive horse, trapped in a shelter the boss horse thinks he owns, personnal space wise? That dominant horse will start to kick the snot out of that other horse, who is pinned against to wall, unable to comply
I like to think we use some reasoning power, in any situation where we need to correct ahrose, and also use only as much R- as is needed