Originally Posted by NeverDullRanch View Post
To Equilibrium: Maybe you would like to enlighten all of us. What is this plus and minus stuff? Do you have advice for the person who posed the original question?
Plus (+) and Minus (-) is positive and negative, respectively. R and P is reinforcement and punishment, respectively.
+R (Positive Reinforcement) = The adding of a desired stimulus to reinforce a desired behavior. For example, giving a cookie to a horse that comes when called.
-R (Negative Reinforcement) = The removal of an undesired stimulus to reinforce a desired behavior. For example, you stop (release) waving your arms (pressure) when your horse backs.
+P (Positive Punishment) = The adding of an undesired stimulus to "punish"/correct/stop a undesired behavior. For example, you hit you horse that just bit you.
-P (Negative Reinforcement) = The removal of a desired stimulus to "punish"/correct/stop an undesired behavior. For example, two horses are fighting over a hay pile, so you remove the hay.
When is -P used with horses?
My examples are kind of bad, but hopefully you get the idea.