If you're leading a horse and he gets in front of you, slap him across the front legs with the tail of your lead rope until he gets back, then quit and walk on like nothing happened.
Ok thats what i was thinking too.
I won't tug on the lead rope, as I'm a firm believer in not giving horses anything to lean on. I find that tugging or holding on the lead rope just leads to them hanging on it back. I will use my lead rope to give direction to the horses face. Anything else, I use a 'cluck' and energy, either created by my body position, my lead rope or a whip, to tell their feet to move.
The method I described, is very clear to the horse -- if your legs get too far in front of me, something 'stings' them until they get back to their spot. Same as if a horse is trailing behind me. I will not drag them with the lead rope, I will create energy behind them, to drive them forward.
I agree, using the lead isnt very effective at all. Ive also started using the end of the lead to tap my horses hind when shes being lazy when leading and need to get her moving.
But yes, a squared up stance and looking directly at a horse is a threatening gesture, and it reads as much less threatening to them, if you keep your body at an angle and don't look directly at them.
Its just one of my past trainers said that if i correct my horse, she needs to give me two eyes and ears. Keep her at a distance and get her to stand until i invite her back in and reward her, or she can come in if she lowers her head, then reward her. If she tries to look anywhere but me, give a sharp tug on the lead to get her attn again. Same goes for when doing ground work with them, if they try to look to their sides, give a sharp yank on the lead cause when you ask for their attn they better give it to you.
Cause i know when doing groundwork with them, they should never be allowed to look in any direction but yours cause it means they are ignoring you.
The only time where its acceptable for them to look elsewhere is when you just taught them something for the first time and you are giving them a minute or two to stand and think about it, waiting for the lick and chew.
Ive never given my horse direct eye contact, ive always looked at them for a sec or two then look away so i wasnt threatening.