Terminology help... - The Horse Forum
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post #1 of 35 Old 11-22-2015, 02:28 PM Thread Starter
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Terminology help...

I've been trying to find out what "lead" and "lead change" mean. It's frustrating because my searches come up with a million advertisements for "lead line" and "lead rope".

Also, what does it mean for the horse to "collect"?
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post #2 of 35 Old 11-22-2015, 03:30 PM
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OK, lead and lead change both terms used for cantering/loping, depending on which saddle you are using, for our purposes both are the same.

Definition of canter, stolen from an online dictionary

1. A smooth three-beat gait of a horse that is slower than a gallop but faster than a trot, in which the feet touch the ground in the three-beat sequence of near hind foot, off hind foot and near front foot, off front foot.

Actually that is confusing, got to love the internet...read this http://www.equusite.com/articles/bas...icsGaits.shtml it shows you the pattern and footfalls for the canter.

Now when we talk about lead, most people are talking about the inside front leg, now while this is not technically correct, as the lead starts from the back, it is so much easier to see the front leg...so I am looking at which front leg reaches forward, that is the "leading leg'

Now if you are riding in an arena this is important, because you want the inside leg to be the leading leg, it keeps your horse balanced. Now to get that you have to remember that is is actually the outside hind that takes the first canter step, so you slide your outside leg a little further back, and squeeze, at the same time raising for inside hand a little to support that shoulder. Now most well trained and generous horses will automatically give you the correct lead, but some struggle on one side or the other, Gibbs could not pick up a right lead first time, so I would hear "WRONG LEAD" usually before I picked it up, so I would have to go back to the trot and try again, or change the lead..

When you are trail riding it doesn't matter so much, although good practice to ask for different leads, because horses do tend to prefer one to the other.

As for lead changes, well a simple change, you come down out of the canter into trot, and then ask for the canter again on the other lead.

Then there is a flying change, much more fun, asking the horse to change leads without falling back into trot...

Here is a link to a video, that may help, and a whole bunch of other suggested videos on the side.


DISCLAIMER:Had to go do stuff and did not post this, so could be I'm repeating stuff, so is so sorry.
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post #3 of 35 Old 11-22-2015, 03:31 PM
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You will get some good explanations from others, but if you go to you tube or just search "videos of horses changing leads" or "horses demonstrating lead or correct lead"(any of those words) you will be able to get an explanation with something to watch. Using "horses" in your search will help weed out other stuff and confine it to how lead applies to horses.
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post #4 of 35 Old 11-22-2015, 03:38 PM
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Ahhh, collection....there is a whole 'nother thing..

There are a whole lot of technical terms and descriptions, but what works for me...

Think of a propeller on a stick, with an elastic band attached, as you wind up the propeller the elastic band gets shorter and shorter, and it stores more and more energy. When you want to make the propeller spin, you let it go and it flies around, or in the old kids toy takes off and flies.

Now in collection that is what you are trying to do with your horse, the elastic band, or engine is behind the saddle, all those big muscles in the back end, so you are asking for that power to be generated. You don't want to use it yet, so you are gently blocking it escaping out of the front, and like the elastic band the horse becomes shorter and 'more springy' as his back end comes under, and his font end gets light, and you have all this power ready for you to ask anything you like. It's a great feeling when you get it right, I have had little glimpses of it, and I am wanting MORE.
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post #5 of 35 Old 11-22-2015, 03:50 PM
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I still remember the first time I asked for and actually got collection in a horse. It felt like floating.
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post #6 of 35 Old 11-22-2015, 04:00 PM
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OOps, forgot the link
https://www.youtube.com/results?sear...nges+in+horses

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post #7 of 35 Old 11-22-2015, 04:18 PM Thread Starter
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Thanks Golden Horse. That clears up a lot of things I was wondering about.
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post #8 of 35 Old 11-22-2015, 07:50 PM
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Leads are also used at the trot. While on trail I'll post on the right lead for a bit and then switch and trot on the left lead. No matter what saddle I use, I post the trot for miles and need to switch leads while long trotting.
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post #9 of 35 Old 11-22-2015, 11:00 PM
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But there is no real 'lead' at the trot, two time pace, even movement on each beat, so the horse does not have a lead as such. We choose to post to a certain pair, but you do not have to request a lead at the trot, nor do you have a lead change for the horse. You choose which diagonal pair to rise to, and yes it is a good idea to change the diagonal you post to when out and about.

It is also a great idea to learn your posting diagonals early on, other wise, like me, you will struggle for ever, because I was never taught them in the beginning
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post #10 of 35 Old 11-22-2015, 11:11 PM Thread Starter
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Golden Horse View Post
We choose to post to a certain pair

OK, now what does THAT mean?
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