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So, where I live almost every mare is a breeding machine. They have their foal and in the first heat after that, they breed them again. For me, that's not ethic at all, but I guess if the horse was "free" they would reproduce every year... I see my neighbours breeding their mare every single year and I kind of hate it haha (but maybe I'm humanizing this?? -- is humanizing a word in english?).

I'm not talking about high competition or performance horse, but just horses used for trail riding and light work (we don't have many horse breeds here or purebreds). Here with high competition horses they take the mare's egg, fertilized in vitro and the result is implanted in a receptor mare (or they make a natural mount, then take the embryo and implant it in a receptor mare) that's used for gestation and upbringing.
There are a lot of breeders here who breed on foal heat (first heat), I prefer not to for many reasons, none of them having to do with humanizing (that's a real word but we use anthropomorphizing more often) the horse ;). I prefer to allow the mare to raise her foal to weaning, then after the foal is weaned, I like to put the foal back with the mare for the next 6 months or so. Before weaning, I put mare and foal out with other horses, then pull the mare after the foal is comfortable with the other mares and has chosen an 'auntie' or gelding 'uncle'. After a couple of months, once the mare has stopped lactating, I put her back in the group and let them all go on together until the mare has had a full year off. When I was breeding more mares for myself, I bred each one every other year, so they would have plenty of time off to get healed up and healthy. Now that I'm not breeding but 1 or 2 foals each year, and my mares are getting older, I have one who needs to be bred each year or she'll soon not be able to conceive. I have had most of my mares since they were very young mares, and I keep them until they're old and pass of old age. As I'm getting older, I'm breeding less and not wanting to breed as often, so my oldest and best mare may be allowed to go barren in a couple of years.

We, as a nation, do quite a bit of ET (embryo transfer) and leasing out recip mares is actually a pretty good industry for some folks.

Ideally the horses should be well bred, well conformed, proven in some kind of discipline, and really good natured. Not everyone subscribes to those particular ideals. Many people breed 'paper to paper' just looking at pedigrees and not looking at the mare in front of them and looking for a stallion to strengthen the strong points and make up for any weak points. Too many breed ill tempered animals because they're bred to death or superb performance animals, but you can't trust them for a minute.
 

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I think it is easier keeping the mare pregnant because then you don't have to deal with all the heats she has until she gets pregnant or months pass by (and see her with my gelding having fun hahaha). On the other hand keeping her pregnant (choosing the stud) would make life easier in many aspects.

This is my first and last mare though hahaah
Mares are no different than geldings. I don't put up with any nonsense from them just because they are in heat. They're expected to behave and give me their attention just as if they were not in heat. Same for my stallions, they are not to act at all studly unless we're in the breeding shed. I ride them in mixed groups, do mixed lessons, classes, trail rides, you name it. I will put a gelding next to a stallion on the side of the trailer and tie mares on the opposite side of the trailer, that's the only concession I give to their being intact or not. If they can't behave, the stallion would get gelded and the mare would get sold.
 

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Yep, but you can't control that when all the horses are free lol. Literally my mare will put her butt IN my gelding's nose and push him against a wall until he gets up 🤣😂. She behaves well when in heat + riding, no problem at all. They know how to behave during rides, but being free they make their own parties and also gallop to the horizone during the sunset.
Oh yes, I thought you meant under your control. When mine are free, well, they're free to do as they please. I keep stallions in one pasture, mares in another. Gelding (one and only) is out with the mares only because he prefers them to the stallion, though they are friends. I don't care if they tease him, he could care less about them. Just goes and eats somewhere else in the pasture. His main job is traffic cop when the neighbor's cows break a fence. He stands in the middle and tells the mares, "NOPE! Back over there ladies, these are not our kind!" and then tells the cows, "Back where you came from! NOW! We don't rub elbows with your kind over here!". And he keeps it up until someone sends the cows home and fixes the fence. Silly horse, but I suppose everyone needs a job.
 

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On the other hand some nice mares get EVIL when they're dealing pregnancy hormones. I know a few mares that you can tell are pregnant before the first scan. Same in the opposite direction too!
I had a mare who was, not nice when not in foal but an absolute LOVE BUG the minute she got pregnant. That didn't cut it around here, I don't put up with nasty, but the Jekyll-a/Hyde-a switch was interesting to watch, once. One of my friends bought her and absolutely loved her because she produced beautiful foals and they were very sweet, respectful and imprinted on humans almost immediately. I said it was because she was such a witch to them, they couldn't wait to wean and get away from her.
 

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Your gelding sounds like so much fun! Please post a picture <3
Cloney is an absolute NUT. He loves attention, does anything you ask and just basically loves to show off.
First pic is Cloney checking fence. Second is Cloney checking his "herd".
He's a thumb sucker. The vet just cracks up. Instead of a tranquilizer or twitch, I just let him suck my thumb or even just let him have my whole hand in his mouth when he's getting his exam. Keeps him totally quiet and relaxed. Vet can't believe that "crazy Arab" is such an easy going, big baby. He's totally changed his mind about Arabian horses because of Cloney.
 

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