Cutting events. Flat seat allows for better rider movement. Tall Horn. Easier to hold. And they do.
The saddles also tend to have full riggings, placing the saddle a little further back. The purpose is so the saddle doesn't impede front end movement during that beautiful ducking and dodging they do during a run.
Full rigging means the D ring for the cinch/girth is directly under the swell of the saddle. 7/8 rigging is set slightly behind the swell.@boots are you saying that this is not a barrel saddle?
And, what do you mean by 'full riggings"? Are you talking about the placement of the front cinch, being a ways forward of the stirrup line? or just that it has a place for both a front and a rear cinch?
I don't know that much about western saddles, but I find that in-skirt rigged saddles do NOT allow for a free shoulder movement. Instead, they often upll the whole saddle down harder onto the shoulder, allowing very little freedom along the front edge of the tree and the skirt.
But, maybe because they hold the front down so tight, they are desireable for activities that involve a lot of sudden dipping and turning.
I've never seen a cutting saddle with a round skirt like that.
So I'd say it's a barrel saddle. Yes, in general they tend to have deeper seats, but not always. (And really, this one does have a deep seat. It is NOT as flat as a cutting seat)
OP is there a brand name on the other side of the saddle?