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The world participates actively in the process of improving the productive qualities of livestock, including horses to meet the needs of society. At the same time, less competitive aboriginal breeds and populations are being displaced, which are characterized by slightly lower productivity, but are well adapted to environmental conditions.


The project of the restoration of the aboriginal horse breed is started by Jurij Molfar, who lives in a village near Chornobyl and one day he heard of horses that were praised for their endurance but which were almost gone away because they had lost their practical importance in agriculture. In the summer of 2018, he went to the first expedition to find representatives with similar characteristics of the Polesian horse and he discovered at least 30 representatives. Thus, he decided to restore the horse breed.



Who is the Polesian horse?

The Polesian horse is a direct descendant of the forest tarpan, which together with other ungulates formed ecosystems of Polissia for thousands of years.This horse is well adapted to forest and wet conditions and is characterized by longevity and fertility.
The Polesian horse was bred without crossbreeding for a long time, so it is like most local breeds quite small. The stallions rarely grow to 142-144 cm, the mares - 138-140 cm. Because of the dense forests, impenetrable swamps, the lack of good roads, the western part of Polissia was inaccessible that horses of other breeds hardly lived in these areas.

Why is it worth restoring this horse breed?

National value: the Polesian horse can be used for long horse riding because of its endurance and also for a childsport because of its calm character.

Cultural significance: the Polesian horse, which has long been used in agriculture, has acquired deep ethnographic significance for the study of the history and culture of Ukrainian Polissia. Ethnographers have recorded the facts of the use of the horse in rituals, in particular actively in wedding rituals (the animal was led into the house or sometimes a man rode it on horseback. The horse was decorated with the carpet, flowers, strips, rings and belts).


Importance for the world:
The issue of preserving genetic diversity is acute in the world. This is particularly true for the species that have been artificially selected (including horses, dogs, cattle). Breeds tend to outlive their usefulness. We cannot lose genetic potential.


Our mission

The aim of the project is to preserve the gene pool of aboriginal horse breed in Polissia; studying the possibility of their introduction into natural ecosystems; to check the interaction of horse herds with natural ecosystems and gradually introduce the reconstructed breed on the territory of separate natural objects.


 

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Discussion Starter · #3 ·
These are the same horses. The Polesian horses can be found on the territory of the Ukranian and Belorussian Polissia (region).Belarusians may also be doing something, at least it was so earlier. We wrote to them to work together but did not receive any answer. But the more Polesian horses can be saved, is better. Where did you find the document?
 

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It is from the National Academy of Science in Belarus.
 
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